In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a procedure in which eggs are removed from mature follicles in the ovary and then fertilized in a special environment in our laboratory. The fertilized eggs grow and divide for three to five days after which the resulting embryo is transferred into the uterus.
In order to prepare a woman for IVF, she is given medication to stimulate her ovaries to produce a large number of eggs, (the average is 8-10), rather than the usual one. A large number of eggs, increases the chance of successful fertilization. Successful fertilization increases the number of embryos available for transfer in a fresh or thaw cycle. AART believes in single embryo transfer (SET) and adheres to the transfer of one embryo at a time, taking into account what is considered best for the patient outcome.
IVF may be a successful treatment for women with blocked or absent fallopian tubes, those suffering from ovulation disorders, or endometriosis. It has also proven to be an effective treatment for couples with unexplained infertility and male factor problems.
While there are no guarantees, a complete IVF treatment cycle results in conception approximately 50% of the time. This is higher than the expected conception rate per cycle for any normal fertile couple. It is also age dependent.
The most common complication of IVF is multiple pregnancy. This occurs in approximately 22% of cases. There are increased obstetrical risks and risks to the babies which are outlined in our information page on multiple birth.
The drugs used to stimulate the ovaries can result in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in 1-3% of cases. This is a potential serious complication and more information can be found on the OHSS information page. If this appears likely to occur, treatment may have to be cancelled.
In vitro fertilization includes an outpatient procedure for egg retrieval. As with any procedure, some risk is involved. It may include discomfort associated with aspiration of the follicles. There is a slight chance of bleeding or pelvic infection. This occurs in less than 1% of cases.
Atlantic Assisted Reproductive Therapies offers information evenings several times per year. These meetings are open to anyone interested in our services. Team members will explain our services and what a couple may expect. This is now available in a recorded version on this website.
More information is also available at: YourFertilityTreatments