ICSI is a procedure by which a single sperm is injected directly into the center of an egg to increase the chance of fertilization. The procedure is particularly helpful to couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) that have a reduced chance of fertilization through standard egg insemination procedures.
Couples who have been diagnosed with male factor infertility are excellent candidates for ICSI. The sperm function analysis (SFA), that is required prior to starting a treatment at our clinic, helps to identify those couples with male factor infertility requiring ICSI. ICSI provides the opportunity to conceive their own biological offspring. ICSI is also recommended when using therapeutic donor insemination (TDI) or whenever frozen sperm is used.
There are many other reasons to consider ICSI, such as those patients who have failed fertilization in previous IVF treatments. We will discuss ICSI with you if we believe that it may be beneficial. Please feel free to ask about ICSI if you think that it is relevant to your treatment.
The literature indicates that this technology offers up to a 65% fertilization rate per egg (oocyte).
Since ICSI is a fairly new procedure there may be risks to the fetus and/or mother that have not yet been identified. To date there is some evidence to suggest that babies born as a result of this procedure have a minimally higher risk of birth defects than those conceived through intercourse. Where indicated, we offer chromosomal testing to our patients. There is a small risk of egg degeneration as a result of the egg being perforated during the procedure.